Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s entries.
Find, identify and correct the errors in the following pieces.
“Hall anxious to move on to next challenge”
“Anxious” means nervous, ill at ease or uncomfortable; it comes from the word “anxiety” and does not convey the correct meaning. It should be “eager” to reflect the true feeling.
“Hall eager to move on to next challenge”
(You have to know some history to get this one.)
“Across the way, a hundred or so horn-blowing, flag-waving Windsor Spitfires supporters – some family members of players, and most decked out in some sort of Spitfires garb – roared their approval as the two-time defending Memorial Cup champions deplaned on their triumphant return from Brandon.”
This criticism challenges the accuracy of the statement. The Spitfires had only defended their championship once so “two-time defending Memorial Cup champions” is incorrect. If they compete in the championship next year, they will be two-time defending champions.
“Across the way, a hundred or so horn-blowing, flag-waving Windsor Spitfires supporters – some family members of players, and most decked out in some sort of Spitfires garb – roared their approval as the defending Memorial Cup champions deplaned on their triumphant return from Brandon.”
“As Windsor is so proud of them.”
This is an incomplete thought because of the subordinate conjunction “as”.
“Windsor is so proud of them.”
“Names that will live on forever in the annals of local history.”
This is an incomplete thought because there is no main verb.
“Theirs are names that will live on forever in the annals of local history.”
The next one is a LETTERS TO THE EDITOR headline in The Windsor Star, Tuesday, May 25, 2010. (I do not criticize people who write opinion letters, but they do not write the headlines, which makes this one fair game.)
“Nurses ability to lift spirits amazing”
“Nurses” is incorrect because the context demands a possessive noun. It is an incomplete thought, so I accept that it does not have to be a sentence.
“Nurses’ ability to lift spirits amazing”
Identify and correct the errors in the following excerpts.
“…doling out your own punishment which is rather unique…”
“Unique” means one of a kind and cannot be compared.
“…doling out your own punishment which is unique…”
“Me and him are friends.”
“Me” and “him” are objective forms and cannot be used as subjects.
Courtesy expects and demands that the other person be put first, so the arrangement of the words is incorrect.
“He and I are friends.”
“Lie” means to recline or be placed. It does not act on anything else.
The past tense of “lie” is “lay”.
The key to remembering the difference is in knowing whether one is doing the action himself or there is an object of the action.
“Lay” means to place something down.
“Laid” is the past tense of “lay”.
RULE OF THE DAY # 4
PRONOUNS – PART 1
A “pronoun” is a word that takes the place of a noun.
“Personal pronouns” are pronouns that stand for persons. “I”, “she” and “they” are examples.
“Interrogative pronouns” are pronouns that ask questions. “Who”, “whose”, “which” and “what” are examples.
“Demonstrative pronouns” are pronouns that point out a particular person or thing. “This”, “that”, “these” and “those” are examples.
“Indefinite pronouns” are pronouns that stand for no particular person or thing. “Some”, “few”, “any”, “all” and “none” are examples.
“Refute” means to prove an argument wrong.
“Through astronomy, we can refute the argument that the world is flat.”
“Reject” means to disagree or reject an argument.
“I completely reject your idea that, because I am older, I cannot keep skating.”
A GREAT PHILOSOPHY
“Generosity is giving more than you can, and pride is taking less than you need.”
Kahlil Gibran, a Lebanese artist and poet, coined this phrase.
PET PEEVE OF THE WEEK
This is a very common error and should be easy to identify.
“When researching for my assignment I saw many examples of vicious cruelty perpetrated on animals. These type of incidents must be abolished if we are to be considered really humane.”
“Type” is the problem; it should be “types” because the reference is “these” which is plural, meaning more than one.
“When researching for my assignment I saw many examples of vicious cruelty perpetrated on animals. These types of incidents must be abolished if we are to be considered really humane.”
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Gangrenous” (adj.) means unhealthy, mortification, becoming affected or the dying of tissue.
“Intimation” (n.) refers to a hint, a suggestion, an inkling of the meaning of something.
“Coalesce” (v.) means to blend, to combine, to meld or to come together.
“Scepticism” (n.) refers to unbelief, disbelief or doubt.
“Skepticism” is the American spelling.
“Sceptic”, as a noun, is one who doubts.
“Sceptical” is the adjective form.