Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s words.
“Well” generally is considered an adverb.
“You do something well.”
When speaking of health, “well” can be used.
“I am well and I thank you for asking.” (This is not a sense verb, so “well” is acceptable.)
“Good” is considered an adjective.
“A thing is good.”
When verbs of sensation are used, “good” should be used.
“The pie smells good.”
“I feel good.” (The difference here is that the verb is a sense.)
Using “-wise” as a suffix, as in “business-wise” or “revenue-wise”, is unconventional and unacceptable and is a base attempt at creating emphasis and novelty.
Writers often use it to satirize or ridicule jargon buffs.
There is no correct form of “-wise”, so do not using it.
“Might” is very similar to “may” but usually expresses a lower probability than “may”.
When speculating some events might occur, use “might”.
“He might have avoided being arrested if he had not been so belligerent.”
“May” is a verb meaning having the possibility to do something.
“May” is also used for permission.
“He may perform that deed today.”
“You may go out today.”
“Framework” refers to the building structure containing something such as an office.
“The framework of the building is wood.”
“Groundwork” refers to the work underneath or the lowest part of a structure.
“The groundwork of the building is poured cement.”
“Backward” may be used as an adjective or an adverb.
“He gave a backward glance as he left the room.”
“He drove backward into the shed.”
“Backwards” may only be used as an adverb.
“She had her shirt on backwards.”
NEW FEATURE – RULE OF THE DAY
Often people do not know or pay attention to the rules that govern writing and correct speech. In an attempt to remedy this problem, I will present a section called RULE OF THE DAY. At first, I expect to highlight the most commonly abused rules and will attempt to explain them in the usual Socratic format of challenging readers to create the answers.
RULE OF THE DAY # 1 – Basic Tenses
The three basic tenses are present, past and future.
Present tense: I sing.
Past tense: I sang.
Future tense: I shall sing.
Present tense: I am.
Past tense: I was
Future tense: I shall be.
RULE OF THE DAY # 2 – Perfect Tenses
The three perfect tenses are present perfect, past perfect and future perfect.
The function of perfect tenses is to indicate action that has been completed.
Perfect tenses always use the auxiliary verbs “has”, “have” or “had” with the principal verb.
Present perfect tense: I have sung.
Past perfect tense: I had sung.
Future perfect tense: I shall have sung.
Present perfect tense: I have been.
Past perfect tense: I had been.
Future perfect tense: I shall have been.
A WINNING PHILOSOPHY
“Victory attained by violence is tantamount to a defeat, for it is momentary.”
Mahatma Gandhi, an Indian political and spiritual leader who lived from 1869 to 1948, said this.
These qualify as peeves because they are so blithely and universally used. Both have redundancies in them.
“I reflect back on my accomplishments and I am humbly proud.” (Wrong!)
“I reflect on my accomplishments and I am humbly proud.” (Correct!)
“Where did you buy that at?” (Wrong!)
“Where did you buy that?” (Correct!)
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Doyen” (n.) refers to a dean, a veteran or the senior member of a body, class or profession.
The root is the French “deien” meaning “dean”.
“Novitiate” (n.) refers to the state or period of being a novice in a religious order or in anything.
The root is the Latin “novitius” meaning new.
“Novice” is another form of the word.
“Moue” (n.) refers to a grimace, a pout, a scowl, a frown or a wry face.
“Apostate” (n.) refers to a disloyal person, a deserter or one who forsakes his religion or party.
“Apostatize” is the verb form.
“Apostasy” is the act of disloyalty or deserting.
“Bellicose” (adj.) means combative, scrappy, assertive, combative, warlike or disposed to fighting.
“Bellicosity” is the noun form.
“Bellicosely” is the adverb form.
The root is the Latin “bellum” meaning war.