Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s entries.
Generally the words are interchangeable.
“Meanwhile” is used when it stands alone at the beginning of a sentence.
“Meanwhile, the cow was jumping over the moon.”
“Meantime” is used only in the expression “in the meantime”.
“In the meantime, the dish ran away with the spoon.”
Find and correct the error and poor writing techniques in the following piece. Be sure to correctly identify your observations.
“It happens again and again during a quick cruise of Windsor streets – no sooner does the light change to green and Al Maghnieh hits the gas pedal than the light at the next controlled intersection goes to yellow.”
The sentence does not sound right. I do not think a comparison using “than” is required.
I do not like the use of dashes and recommend, in this case, a colon.
“It happens again and again during a quick cruise of Windsor streets: no sooner does the light at one intersection change to green and Al Maghnieh hits the gas pedal, the light at the next controlled intersection goes to yellow.”
“Borrow” is a verb.
The person receiving something “borrows” it.
“May I borrow your lawnmower today because mine is broken and the grass is long?”
“Loan” is a noun and should not be used as a verb.
A “loan” is what is given temporarily.
“I will give you a loan if you promise to pay it back next week.”
“Lend” is the present tense of the verb “to lend”.
“Lend” is the action of giving something temporarily.
“I will lend you the money because I like you.”
“Hypercritical” is an adjective meaning being picky, judging too severely, reproachful or reproving.
“The old school teacher was often accused of being hypercritical because she would not allow any deviation from her idealistic standard of behaviour.”
“Hypocritical” is an adjective meaning lacking sincerity, false or two-faced. Originally and correctly, it meant using language intended to make one more pious than one really was.
“I really think his claim that he is non-partisan in his voting is hypocritical because he votes only the way his party votes regardless of the arguments.”
This is another one of those close calls where the words are often used interchangeably.
Try the following distinctions as a simple rule of thumb:
“Verbal” refers to anything expressed in words;
“Oral” refers to anything that is exclusively speech.
In legal contexts, an unwritten agreement is an “oral contract” not a “verbal contract”.
“Mediocrity knows nothing higher than itself, but talent instantly recognizes genius.”
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, a British mystery author and physician, who lived from 1859 to 1930, coined this observation.
I know our society prides itself on being casual, but, in my opinion, newscasters, reporters, weather people and all other talking heads on television and radio should avoid using “yeah”. It is immature and demeaning to the speaker and says that the person cannot be bothered to be correct. I suggest trying a more mature form of trying to be cool.
RULE OF THE DAY # 5
“Shall” and “will” are used to express intent and when conjugating verbs have specific roles.
In a simple statement of fact, “shall” is used for the first person and “will” is used for the second and third persons.
“I shall fight tomorrow.”
“You will fight tomorrow.”
“He will fight tomorrow.”
“We shall run tomorrow.”
“You will run tomorrow.”
“They will run tomorrow.”
As an assertive statement or command “shall” and “will” are reversed.
“I will challenge her statement.”
“You shall challenge her statement.”
“She shall challenge my statement.”
“We will build another tomorrow.”
“You shall build another tomorrow.”
“They shall build another tomorrow.”
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Niggle” (v.) means to worry excessively or unnecessarily, to argue pettily or to quibble.
“Niggler” is the noun form.
“Niggling” is the adjective form.
“Nigglingly” is the adverb form.
“Catatonic” (adj.) refers to a psychiatric state of mental stupor and muscular rigidity. It is often associated with schizophrenia.
“Catatonia” is the noun form.
“Languid” (adj.) means slow to act, sluggish, lazy or lacking in energy or enthusiasm.
“Intuit” (v.) means to feel or to understand independent of any reasoning process.
“Intuition” is the noun form.
“Intuitive” is the adjective form.
“Intuitively” is the adverb form.
“Artifice” (n.) refers to a deceptive manoeuver, a ruse, a clever stratagem or a trick.
“Artificer” is the noun form meaning one skilled at deception.
“Artificial” is the adjective form.