Here are the corrections and explanations for the entries from Monday, June 28 to Friday, July 9.
MONDAY, June 28
Find and correct all the errors in the following pieces.
“A Leamington man is facing charges after a boat he was driving struck a breakwall and partially sunk early last month.”
“Sunk” is not the past tense of the verb “to sink”.
“A Leamington man is facing charges after a boat he was driving struck a breakwall and partially sank early last month.”
“There were all kinds of glaring holes in WUC’s view of the future, such as the $20 million reservoir to provide redundancy for the future growth.”
The punctuation is wrong because a period in the middle makes the second group of words an incomplete thought. Changing the period to a comma fixes the problem.
“There were all kinds of glaring holes in WUC’s view of the future. Such as the $20 million reservoir to provide redundancy for the future growth.”
“A team that he’s quite familiar with.”
Guess what! This example is an incomplete thought; it has no verb, a common tendence with newspaper writers.
It also ends in a preposition, a common no-no.
“He was drafted by a team with which he’s quite familiar.”
“A journey that was ramped up to warp speed during his three years in Windsor.”
Golly! Here is another incomplete thought!
“Taylor Hall’s career is a journey that was ramped up to warp speed during his three years in Windsor.”
TUESDAY, June 29
“Prostate” is a noun referring to a gland that is in males.
“Prostrate” is an adjective meaning lying face down.
WEDNESDAY, June 30
Identify and correct the error in the following piece.
“Among them – gasoline, electricity, natural gas, home Internet, cable TV, vitamins, hair styling, gym memberships and green fees.”
Where is the subject? Where is the verb? This is not a sentence; it must be reworked.
“Among the items now being hit with the HST are gasoline, electricity, natural gas, home Internet, cable TV, vitamins, hair styling, gym memberships and green fees.”
FRIDAY, July 2
“Obsolescent” is an adjective that technically means in the process of becoming obsolete or outdated.
“Obsolete” is an adjective describing something that is obsolete.
The difference is that one refers to the process and one refers to the state.
MONDAY, July 5
POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS – Part 1
What is a pronoun?
A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun.
What is a possessive pronoun?
A possessive pronoun is one that shows ownership.
The following is a list of possessive pronouns: mine, my, yours, your, his, hers, ours, our, its, yours, theirs, their and whose. Which are stand alone pronouns and which are modifying pronouns?
Some possessive pronouns stand alone.
“Mine”, “yours”, “his”, “hers”, “ours”, “theirs” and “whose” can stand alone.
“That cat is hers.”
Some possessive pronouns can act as adjectives and modify a noun.
“My”, “your”, “his”, “her”, “its”, “our”, “their” and “ whose” are examples.
“My cat is sitting on the mat”.
None of the possessive pronouns is spelled with an apostrophe.
TUESDAY, July 6
POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS – Part 2
Read the following sentences, identify and correct the errors.
CLUE 1: the errors involve the pronouns in the sentences.
CLUE 2: read the sentences carefully for absolute clarity.
“You winning in spite of the odds was inspiring and wonderful.”
“You” must be possessive so the sentence can make sense. “You” must be changed to “your” because it is actually a pronominal adjective modifying “winning”.
“Your winning in spite of the odds was inspiring and wonderful.”
“We could not stand his whining about every little setback.”
Which could we not stand: “him” or “his” whining? The sense is that we could not stand him when he whined so the pronoun must be changed to suit the intended sense.
“We could not stand him whining about every little setback.”
WEDNESDAY, July 7
“Intrigue” as a noun refers to a plot or a machination.
“Intrigue” as a verb means to lay schemes or to connive.
The intrigue and mysteriousness ways of the man eventually resulted in him being investigated for treason.”
“Intriguing” means something fascinating or alluring or interesting.
“Her eyes were intriguing and caused many a man to fall under her spell.”
THURSDAY, July 8
Find and correct the errors in the following examples.
“Police said she has a “diminished mental capacity” and may be experiencing a mental health crisis. She has not received her medication since she went missing.”
The whole thought is in the present tense and must be kept consistent.
People do not go missing. That is a hideously bad expression.
“Police say she has a “diminished mental capacity” and may be experiencing a mental health crisis. She has not received her medication since she went missing.”
“Police said they went into a barn on the property and found “copious” amounts of car parts.
“Copious” is pretentious and should be replaced.
Even “amounts” is shakey.
“Police said they went into a barn on the property and found “a large” number of car parts.
“Police also found an ATV on the property with the ignition punched, along with two small dirt bikes and a “large amount” of car tires, tools, heavy equipment and appliances in the barn.”
“Amount” and “number” are different in meaning. “Amount” words relate to quantities of things that are measured in bulk; “number” words relate to things that can be counted.
“Police also found an ATV on the property with the ignition punched, along with two small dirt bikes and a “large number” of car tires, tools, heavy equipment and appliances in the barn.”
“When an argument broke out, police said the man grabbed the woman by the throat, lifted her off of the ground and choked her until she passed out.”
“Off” and “of” are both prepositions requiring an object. They cannot be used together.
“When an argument broke out, police said the man grabbed the woman by the throat, lifted her off the ground and choked her until she passed out.”
FRIDAY, July 9
Find and correct the error in the following piece.
“As the hours went by, the hole slowly grew wider and the cars slid further in.”
How many times do I have to explain that “further” and “farther” do not have the same meaning? If you do not know the difference by now, look up the words yourself.
“As the hours went by, the hole slowly grew wider and the cars slid farther in.”
I LIKE THIS ONE
“The power of accurate observation is commonly called cynicism by those who have not got it.”
George Bernard Shaw, who lived from1856 to 1950, said this.
“Compassion is the basis of all morality.”
Arthur Schopenhauer, a German philosopher who lived from 1788 to 1860, wrote this.
NINE DAYS OF WORDS
“Multifarious” (adj.) means having many aspects, many sides, parts or forms.
This word was presented Monday, June 28 and the connection to that day’s assignment is that there were multifarious errors by several newspaper writers.
“Cosmopolitan” (adj.) means growing or occurring in many parts of the world, of worldwide scope or applicability, universal or all-embracing or not limited to one part of the world.
“Cosmos” meaning the world or universe, is the root word.
“Tyrannicide” (n.) refers to the act of killing a tyrant.
“Tyrannicide” can also be the name of one killing a tyrant.
“Tendentious” (adj.) means showing a strong tendency, bias or purpose. The root is “tend” which means to lean to some result or conclusion.
“Dolourous” (adj.) means full of, expressing or causing pain or sorrow. The American spelling is “dolor”.
“Benevolence” (n.) refers to a disposition to do good, an inclination to do kind or charitable acts, kindness or warm-heartedness.
“Prosaic” (adj.) means literal, plain, lacking in imagination or unglamourous.
“Synergy” (n.) refers to the working together of two things to produce an effect greater than the sum of their individual efforts, the cooperative efforts of two or more organs or entities.
“Beneficence” (n.) Refers to doing good, generosity or kindliness in action or purpose.
Other word forms are “beneficent” (adj.), “benefactor” (n.) , “beneficial” (adj.), “beneficiary” (n.) or “benefit” (v.).