Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s entries. (Remember, last Monday was a holiday.)
CONCERTED EFFORT/CONCENTRATED EFFORT
To work in concert is to work together with others, so one cannot make a “concerted effort” all by one’s self. A “concerted effort” is to work together with others.
“The rescue team made a concerted effort to clear the rubble after the hurricane and managed to rebuild the village in record time.”
A “concentrated effort”, which means a strong, focussed effort, can be accomplished alone.
“The young musician made a concentrated effort to learn the difficult passage and shone during her competitive moment.”
ONLINE/ON LINE/IN LINE
“Online” is the common adjective used for all Internet activities.
“On line” is used in an adverbial sense as in a class going “on line” in the school library.
“In line” refers to waiting in a queue or to being in a straight formation.
There are three degrees or categories of comparative words: the positive, the comparative and the superlative.
Thus, we can say that the weather is “cold”, the weather is “colder” or the “weather is “coldest” and the second are third forms show the stronger and the strongest degrees of coldness.
“Less” and “least” are comparative degree and superlative degree words of the word “little”.
“Little” is the positive degree.
“Less” is the comparative degree.
“Least” is the superlative degree.
“There was a little water left in the barrel after it was drained.”
“Please give me less milk than you gave Tom because I cannot drink as much as he can.”
“She exerted the least amount of effort but managed to complete the task satisfactorily.
Each of the following sentences is a comparative sentence and each has its own problem.
Read each sentence and identify the problem.
“The tusk of an elephant is bigger than a boar.”
Be sure to compare similar items to avoid confusion. The sentence appears to compare a “tusk” to a “boar”.
“The tusk of an elephant is bigger than the tusk of a boar.”
“The tusk of an elephant is bigger than a boar’s.”
Be sure the comparison is balanced. The above sentence is unbalanced.
“The tusk of an elephant is bigger than that of a boar.”
“The X-15 is faster than any airplane.”
Be sure to be clear and not cause confusion when comparing people or items grouped together. The use of “other” or “else” is recommended.
“The X-15 is faster than any other airplane.”
“The movie was more funnier than the one we saw last week.”
Be sure to avoid the use of double comparisons, when using comparative and superlative forms of adjectives and adverbs.
“The movie was funnier than the one we saw last week.”
ANOTHER GOOD CONCEPT
“The way to combat noxious ideas is with other ideas. The way to combat falsehoods is with truth.”
William O. Douglas, a US Supreme Court Judge, who lived from 1898 to 1980, said this.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Pellucid” (adj.) means clear or limpid as water, transparent or glasslike.
“Pellucidly” is the adverb form.
“Pellucidness” is the noun form.
“Phalanx” (n.) refers to any body or crowd of people formed in ranks and files, any body of troops in close array or a military force.
“Expatiate” (v.) means to elaborate on, to expound on or to enlarge in discourse or writing.
“Expatiation” is the noun form.
“Expatiator” is the noun form for one who is doing the elaborating.
“Solecism” (n.) is a substandard intrusion into standard speech, a grammatical mistake in speech or writing, a breach into good manners or etiquette, a slip, a faux pas or a socially awkward or tactless act.
“Solecistic” is the adjective form.