Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s entries.
“Quantitative” is an adjective referring to quantity, proportion, amount or something measurable. The root of the word is “quantity”.
“Comparing a bushel of apples to a peck of apples is a quantitative comparison.”
“Qualitative” is an adjective involving distinctions based on qualities of things or ideas.
The root of the word is “quality“.
“Comparing the attitudes of people in a ghetto to those of people who live on 5th Avenue in new York is a qualitative comparison.”
“Precedence” is a noun referring to order of importance or urgency.
“Good health seems to take precedence over every other concern in national surveys.”
“Precedents” is the plural form of the noun “precedent” and refers to a case or instance that may serve as an example for other cases, a pattern or shape.
“The precedents for the ethical treatment of minorities have been well-established for years.”
Identify and correct the errors in the following pieces.
“The rules (under permit application) state that they are not for use by others or people who resell it.”
“It” is a singular, relative pronoun; in this sentence “it” refers to “rules” and that is incorrect. It must be changed to a plural pronoun.
Technically, “by” should also be inserted before “people” for consistency.
“The rules (under permit application) state that they are not for use by others or by people who resell them.”
“If you do, that the passes can be confiscated and you forfeit future rights to get the passes.”
“The comma is in the wrong place and causes the sentence to be unintelligible.
“If you do that, the passes can be confiscated and you forfeit future rights to get the passes.”
USING THE RIGHT WORD
“An Amherstburg cop ended up wrestling with a naked man who aroused his attention Monday by jumping out from some bushes and pleasing himself.”
Do you think that the writer could, maybe, have made a better choice of words in the following? I bet the cop wishes he had.
I presume the author was trying to be humourous. I am not a censor and I think it was hilarious, but a different choice of words probably is in order.
“An Amherstburg cop ended up arresting a naked man who got his attention Monday by jumping out from some bushes and exposing himself.
“Timber” is a noun referring to wood, trees, beams, posts or anything that is composed of wood.
“The timber in the farm’s back fields is being cleared so there can be more acreage for crops.”
“Timbre” is a noun referring to the distinctive property, tone or quality of a sound or musical note.
“The timbre of a Stradivarius violin is considered to be far superior to any modern instrument.”
“Lie” means to recline or be placed. It does not act on anything or anyone else. It is an intransitive verb.
The past tense of “lie” is “lay”.
The past participle of “lie” is “lain”.
“I lie down for a rest today.”
“Last night I lay awake in bed for two hours.”
“I was so tired I could have lain in bed for a week.”
“Lay” means to place something down. It is something done to something else. It is a transitive verb.
The past tense of “lay” is “laid”.
The past participle of “lay” is “laid”, like the past tense.
“I lay the carpet down in front of the fireplace to create a nice cozy feeling.”
“I laid the carpet down yesterday.”
“They have laid ten miles of pipeline over the last six months.”
“Layed” IS NOT A WORD.
ANOTHER REPEAT – “A” PET PEEVE
“A” is an indefinite article pronounced as in “hat”.
“A” pronounced as in “hay” is not acceptable. It comes from the effort to create emphasis or specificity to an inconsequential word.
“Bonus: the major abuser is Barak Obama, the President of the United States and, because he uses it so often, it has been adopted by most media and talking heads including the Prime Minister of Canada, Stephan Harper.
The major problem is that it is so inconsistently used.
OBSCURE WRITER- GREAT THOUGHT
“Those who wish to appear wise among fools, among the wise seem foolish.”
Quintilian, a Roman rhetorician, wrote this.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Quittance” (n.) names a document or receipt certifying release from a payment or debt.
“Jaundiced” (v.) is the past participle of the verb “jaundice”, meaning, denotatively, to deform, to distort or to strain adversely. Connotatively, is means to adversely colour one’s point of view as the disease, jaundice, colours the skin.
“Titular” (adj.) means nominal, ceremonial, formal or solemn as in the nature of a title only.
“Titularly” is the adverb form.
“Title” is the root.
“Insouciant” (adj.) means blithe unconcerned, casual, blasé or nonchalant.
“Insouciance” is the noun form.
“Insouciantly” is the adverb form.
“Gibbous” (adj.) means biconvex, lenticular, hump-backed or appearing convex on both margins as in the shape of a less-than-full, crescent moon.