Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s entries.
WHEN WILL THEY EVER LEARN…?
Find and correct the errors in the following pieces.
“Except for the cigarette smoke from some of the parents.”
This is not a complete thought; it needs a main clause.
“They are fine, except for the cigarette smoke from some of the parents.”
“And when it’s a coach – kids often look up to their coaches. They think they’re cool.”
“And when it’s a coach…” makes no sense because it is a subordinate clause which cannot stand on its own.
I do not like trying to replace a conjunction with a dash; in this case, coherence is destroyed by doing so.
“They think they are cool,” has two relative pronouns, “they” and “they”. Which “they” refers to which antecedent? This vagueness needs to be reworded.
“It is a bad thing when it’s a coach because kids often look up to their coaches. They think their coaches are cool.”
BONUS: identify the source of the title line of this section and receive a GOLD STAR.
“WHEN WILL THEY EVER LEARN…?’ is a paraphrase of a line from the song, Where Have All the Flowers Gone, written by Pete Seeger.
“Wont” is a noun referring to an established custom, usage or practice and is pronounced as in “want”.
“It was the family’s wont to dine exactly at six and that was never changed.”
“Won’t” is a contraction for “will not”.
“He won’t change his habits regardless of the circumstances.”
“Depravation” is a noun referring to being depraved, corrupted, perverted.
“Deprivation” is a noun referring to a state of extreme poverty, hunger or loss.
“Blatant” is an adjective meaning offensively clamourous, noisy, in the open or without any attempt at concealment. Literally, it means obtrusively and noticeably noisy.
“Blatancy” is the noun form.
“Blatantly” is the adverb form.
“Flagrant” is an adjective meaning compulsively bad, offensively scandalous, notorious or reprehensible.
“Flagrancy” is the noun form.
“Flagrance” is another noun form.
“Flagrantly” is the adverb form.
DOES THIS MAKE SENSE?
“The man who so deeply needs to be Toronto’s next mayor, he has been cozying up to politicians on the left and the right showed his true colours at a mayoral debate Wednesday evening.”
This is a run-on sentence which connects two principal thoughts with a comma, a flagrant punctuation error. I have reworded it.
“The man who so deeply needs to be Toronto’s next mayor and who has been cozying up to politicians on the left and the right, showed his true colours at a mayoral debate Wednesday evening.”
IS THIS REALLY A POLITICAL STATEMENT?
“A conservative is a man with two perfectly good legs who, however, has never learned to walk forward.”
Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States said this in a radio address in 1939.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Bucolic” (n.) refers to a country person, a peasant or a provincial. It can also be a descriptive poem of rural life.
“Bucolic” (adj.) means rustic, pastoral or rural.
“Grimalkin” (n.) denotes a cat or an old female cat.
“Grimalkin” (n.) connotes an ill-tempered, old womanish attitude.
BONUS: Shakespeare’s use of “grimalkin” is presented in the opening act of Macbeth when one of the three weird sisters says to her counterpart, “I come, graymalkin!” She refers to her sister as an old cat. By the way, Shakespeare never called the sisters anything other than weird sisters; they were never called witches.
“Desiccate” (v.) means to dry up, to dry thoroughly or to preserve by removing all of the moisture.
“Malediction” (n.) refers to the utterance of a curse, slander or a defamation.
GOLD STAR CLUE: the roots are in Latin where “mal” means “bad” and “diction” means speech. So “malediction” refers to bad speech or the utterance of something slanderous.
“Contiguous” (adj.) means connected without a break, having a common boundary or connected in space and time.