Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s entries.
Both “ringer” and “wringer” are nouns.
“Ringer” refers to one who strikes or rings a bell.
“Ringer” refers to a horseshoe shot that encircles the peg.
“Ringer” refers to one who looks very much like another.
“Ring” is the verb form.
“Wringer” refers to two rotating cylinders which would wring the excess water out of the cloth in an old washing machine.
“The President became irritated at being put through the wringer by the press every day so avoided them as much as possible.”
“Wring” is the verb form.
SOME DIFFERENT EXAMPLES
Identify and correct the errors in the following pieces.
“A couple of minutes later, Etue went outside and saw Nick laying on his back.”
“What is the difference in meaning between “lying” and “laying”? This is too common an error and could be construed in a very obscene way.
“A couple of minutes later, Etue went outside and saw Nick lying on his back.”
“One of the dancers was knelt down beside him.”
This is incorrect and very awkward sounding; it should be reworked.
“One of the dancers was kneeling down beside him.”
“Bullion” refers to gold or silver in mass or brick form.
“The mint has rooms of gold bullion as reserves.”
“Bouillon” is the clear soup obtained when meat stock is boiled down.
“She wasted nothing and boiled the remnants of the meal to make bouillon to feed her family the next day.”
“Specie”, a noun, is a technical term referring to the physical form of money, particularly coins.
“During the Olympics, Canada created a specie of quarter to honour the games.”
“Species”, a noun, is a class of individuals having some common characteristics or qualities. The singular and plural forms of “species” are spelled the same.
“The spotted leopard is an endangered species and may soon be extinct.”
Identify and correct the errors and vagueness in the following examples.
“One of whom is thrilled that the serial bigamist will finally face her accusations in court.”
This is not a complete thought; there is no main verb.
“One of his many wives is thrilled that the serial bigamist will finally face her accusations in court.”
“Spits anxious to unpack bags”
This is a headline so the lack of a verb is acceptable.
“Anxious” comes from the noun “anxiety”. Are the Spits filled with anxiety or they merely eager to get home.
“Anxious” and “eager” do not mean the same thing regardless of how often they are interchanged.
“Spits eager to unpack bags”
“Shortly after his Doran’s in March 2009, an eight-year-old LaSalle student came forward and told his parents that Doran used to swat him on the buttocks over his clothes and he did not like it.”
As written, this sentence is incomprehensible because a word seems to have been left out. This is a proof reading issue.
“Shortly after his Doran’s arrest in March 2009, an eight-year-old LaSalle student came forward and told his parents that Doran used to swat him on the buttocks over his clothes and he did not like it.”
“All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is that good men do nothing.”
Edmund Burke, an Irish philosopher and politician who lived from 1729 to 1797, said this.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Mortification” (n.) refers to embarrassment, humiliation or shame.
“Mortify” is the verb form and means to humiliate or to shame in feeling.
“Being loudly disciplined in public was mortification too severe for the young woman and caused her to leave the restaurant in tears.”
“Choler” (n.) refers to crossness, fussiness, petulance, anger, wrath or irascibility.
The root refers to bile and is Greek in origin. Cholera, an acute disorder of the digestive system which can make one very irritable, is the origin.
“His choler at his daughter’s rebelliousness caused her to want to run away from home.”
“Virulent” (adj.) means extremely poisonous or injurious, deadly or malignant.
“The plague was so virulent that entire towns were completely wiped out.”
“Scathe” (v.) means to attack with severe criticism, to injure or to scar.
“Scathing”, the participial form meaning bitterly severe as in a remark, is the most common form.
His remarks about the young woman’s appearance were scathing and scarred her for life.”
“Cosset” (v.) means to treat or gratify with extreme or excessive indulgence, to coddle, to pamper or to spoil. This was a favourite word of Shakespeare.
“Henry VIII was known to cosset himself with tremendous overeating.”