Identify and correct the errors in the following pieces. Be sure to cite the reasons for the errors.
“Finance Minister Dwight Duncan is right that NDP Leader Andrea Horwath’s proposal to take the HST off of hydro bills and fund the measure with increased corporate income taxes makes no economic sense.”
“Off of” is totally unacceptable and incorrect. These two prepositions cannot be used together. It doesn’t even make sense.
“Finance Minister Dwight Duncan is right that NDP Leader Andrea Horwath’s proposal to take the HST off hydro bills and fund the measure with increased corporate income taxes makes no economic sense.”
“And not just on hydro bills, but a wide array of previously exempt goods and services, ranging from gasoline to gym memberships.”
This is an incomplete thought; there is no verb.
The comma is unnecessary after “services”.
“The HST now is applied not just on hydro bills, but on a wide array of previously exempt goods and services ranging from gasoline to gym memberships.”
A semicolon is a mark of punctuation used to distinguish separate clauses in a sentence.
It is used when there are no conjunctions separating the clauses.
It is used when clauses themselves contain commas.
“Mary likes you; John likes you, too.”
“Henry VIII was a Tudor; James I, on the other hand, was a Stuart.”
A colon is a mark of punctuation used before a list when the list is preceded by a complete independent clause.
Never use a colon to separate a preposition from its objects or a verb from its complements.
“Betsy has all the ingredients for her new recipe: chopped sirloin, milk, potatoes, and onions.”
“For their anniversary they went to Aruba St. Martin, Jamaica and the Bahamas.”
“Assume” means to take for granted or to accept without verification or proof.
The noun form is “assumption”.
“He is a smooth talker and assumes the audience will believe what he has to say.”
“Presume” is similar to “assume” but it has the sense of doing it beforehand, meaning to dare or venture without prior knowledge, to take as believable without direct proof, or to behave arrogantly or overconfidently.
The noun form is “presumption”.
“I presume, because I have studied the subject extensively, that you will accept my word as gospel.”
“LESS THAT 550 REMAINING IN ONTARIO”
“Less” refers to amounts. “Fewer” refers to countable quantities. Since this is a Chrysler ad, it is referring to cars and “fewer” must be used.
This is a headline, so I will accept that there is no verb.
“FEWER THAT 550 REMAINING IN ONTARIO”
“The games is expected to cost $2.5 million to $3 million for housing and food for the 1,500 athletes and coaches, plus transportation to facilities and hospitality.”
The word “games” is not capitalized and, therefore, is not a plural proper noun needing a plural verb. If it had been capitalized, I would have accepted it as singular.
Using “plus” makes the sentence sound awkward. Replace “plus” with “and” and eliminate the comma.
“No debate, no argument” is not a complete thought. A verb is needed.
“The games are expected to cost $2.5 million to $3 million for housing and food for the 1,500 athletes and coaches and transportation to facilities and hospitality.”
“There is no debate, no argument.”
“Approximately 27 years by my reckoning.”
This is not a complete thought because there is no verb.
“This is approximately 27 years by my reckoning.”
“Hilarious” is an adjective meaning boisterously merry or uproariously funny.
“The silly antics of the Three Stooges was, and probably still is, considered to be hilarious.”
“Hysterical” is an adjective meaning emotionally disordered or extremely neurotic. It does not mean funny.
“When he witnessed the brutal and callous killing he was hysterical with grief and fear.”
LOTS OF TRUTH HERE
“The wise are instructed by reason; ordinary minds by experience; the stupid, by necessity; and brutes by instinct.”
Cicero, a Roman author, orator and politician who lived from 106 BC to 43 BC, wrote this.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Acclimate” (v.) means to get used to the climate, to adapt or to adjust.
“Acclimation” is the noun form.
“Acclimatize” is another verb form.
“Nocuous” (adj.) means injurious or noxious.
“Nocuously” is the adverb form.
“Nocuousness” is the noun form.
“Innocuous” is the antonym.
“Exonerate” (v.) means to acquit, to pronounce not guilty of a criminal charge or to clear.
“Formidable” (adj.) means difficult to surmount or defeat, inspiring fear or impressively difficult.
There are two possible pronunciations of formidable: one with the stress on the “for-“ and the other with the stress on the “-mid-“.
The second pronunciation is now common in British English but the traditional pronunciation places the stress on the first syllable.
Both pronunciations are acceptable in modern standard English. ( Oxford Dictionary)
“Formidableness” is a noun form.
“Formidability” is another noun form.
“Formidably” is the adverb form.
“Paradoxical” (adj.) Means seemingly contradictory but nonetheless possibly true, ambiguous or mystifying.
“Paradox” is the noun form.
“Paradoxically” is the adverb form.