Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s entries.
NOTE: there is a trick in this assignment. Get a Gold Star for identifying it.
“Wreck” (v.) means to cause the destruction of something such as a ship.
“Wreck” (n.) refers to the mess, damage or destruction of something such as a ship, a car or a marriage.
“The wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald still lies on the bottom of Lake Superior.”
“Wreckless” is not a word. You get a Gold Star if you stated this.
“Reck” (v.) means to pay heed to something, to have care, concern for something or somebody.
“Reck the needs for proper cultivation and watering of your gardens or suffer the consequences.”
“Reckless” (adj.) means without caution, utterly careless of the consequences, rash or impetuous.
“Reckless driving of many teens has driven up the costs of insurance for all young drivers.”
“Imminent” (adj.) means expected to follow in the immediate future, close in time, forthcoming, portending or immediate.
“Imminent” is usually attached to danger or evil that is about to happen.
“The flood waters were moving so fast, they knew they were in imminent danger of being swept away.”
“Impending” (adj.) means about to happen, to hang over or be near at hand.
“Impending” has less suggestion of immediateness.
“The dark, heavy clouds forebode heavy rains were coming.”
“Ambivalent” is an adjective meaning indecisive, torn between two sides or opinions or doubtful.
“Ambivalence” is the noun form.
“Ambivalently” is the adverb form.
“I am not the least bit ambivalent about my total rejection of guns and I have no use for the National Rifle Association and their philosophy.”
“Ambivalence between wanting to speed up or brake when he drove onto some ice caused the young driver to lose control of his car.”
“Indifferent” is an adjective meaning uninterested, blasé, having no interest or concern for, apathetic or bored.
“Indifference” is the noun form.
“Indifferently” is the adverb form.
“The teen was so indifferent to getting an education that he completely frustrated his ambitious parents.”
“Indifference to exercise often leads to obesity and heart problems.”
Identify and correct the mistakes in the following.
“Then tore a strip off me for asking.”
Who “…tore a strip off me…”? It needs the subject stated, not implied.
“Then they tore a strip off me for asking.”
“Not to mention they manage a budget of almost $1.6 million of taxpayers’ money.”
This is not a complete thought because there is no main verb.
“This is not to mention they manage a budget of almost $1.6 million of taxpayers’ money.”
“Meanwhile, morale at the tourism office is in the toilet, and everyone is afraid they’ll lose their jobs.”
Again, one of my pet peeves is used when “they’ll”, a plural pronoun, is used to refer to a singular antecedent, “everyone”.
“Meanwhile, morale at the tourism office is in the toilet, and all are afraid they’ll lose their jobs.”
“Hardy” and “hearty” are often confused and used interchangeably, but their meanings are not exactly the same.
“Hardy” is an adjective meaning robust capable of enduring harsh conditions.
“The hardy pioneers who settled the west are to be admired for their determination.”
“Hearty” is an adjective meaning wholesome and substantial, loudly vigourous and substantial or deeply felt feeling or opinion.
“There was hearty applause for the moving rendition of the national anthem that the young girl sang.”
A WISE OBSERVATION
“Wise men profit more from fools than fools from wise men; for the wise men shun the mistakes of fools, but fools do not imitate the successes of the wise.”
Cato the Elder, a Roman orator and politician who lived from 234 BC to 149 BC, wrote this.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Jocund” (adj.) means jesting, bantering, witty or facetious.
“His jocund and flip attitude about the law was not humourous to the judge.”
“Ostensibly” (adj.) means appearing as such but not necessarily so, apparent, seeming or pretended.
“Ostensibly, he was working for the people, but they knew he was really just thinking of his own ambitious star.”
“Asseveration” (n.) refers to an assertion, a statement or an emphatic assertion.
“His asseveration was so clear and precise the jury members were ready to accept if as fact, though they had no real proof to back it up.”
“Insinuate” (v.) means to intimate, to suggest or to subtly instill or infuse.
“Insinuation” is the noun form.
“Insinuator” is another noun form.
“Insinuative” is the adjective form.
“Insinuatingly” is the adverb form.
“Adumbrate” (v.) means to give a faint shadow or resemblance of, to foreshadow, to prefigure, to insinuate or to overshadow.
“Adumbrate” is pronounced with the stress on the second syllable.
“Clever attorneys often adumbrate evil motives for others when trying to create doubt about their clients’ obvious guilt.”