“Averse”, an adjective, means strongly opposed to or afraid to do something.
“The couple were averse to the steep hike in rent and prepared to move to another apartment.”
“Adverse”, an adjective, means contrary to one’s interests, unfavourable or contrary.
“The boys actions were adverse to the rules of the academy and he was expelled.”
“Advert”, a verb, means to make remarks about or to turn the attention of. It often is used as a short form for “advertisement”.
“I will advert her attention and you can grab the jewellery from the case.”
PRONOUNS – PART 1
A pronoun is a word that can be used in place of a noun or another pronoun.
There are four types of pronouns: personal, interrogative, demonstrative and indefinite.
Pronouns that stand for persons are called personal pronouns.
“I”, “me” and “they” are personal pronouns.
“I love my wife profoundly.”
Pronouns that are use to ask questions are called interrogative pronouns.
“Who”, “which” and “what” are interrogative pronouns.
“Who, among you, could dispute that remark?”
Pronouns that point out a particular person or thing are called demonstrative pronouns.
“This” “that” and “these” are demonstrative pronouns.
“This day is the most important day of my life.”
Pronouns that stand for no particular thing or person are called indefinite pronouns.
“Someone”, anyone” and “everything” are indefinite pronouns.
“Someone must know something about who killed Cock Robbin.”
PRONOUNS – PART 2
Pronouns can be designated as first person, second person or third person and can be either singular or plural.
First person singular – “I”
“I love a good apple.”
Second person singular – “you”
“You are the apple of my eye.”
Third person singular – “he” “she” or “it”
“She is a peach of a girl.”
First person plural – “we”
“We often enjoy a movie together.”
Second person plural “you”
“You are the boys chosen for the team,”
Third person plural – “we”
“We agree with you wholeheartedly.”
PRONOUNS – PART 3
Case refers to the way a pronoun can be used in a sentence as subject, object or to show possession.
Nominative case means that the pronoun can be used as the subject of a sentence.
“I” and “we” are first person, nominative case.
“You” is second person, singular and plural, nominative case. “YOUS” IS NOT A WORD.
“He”, she, “it”, “we”, “you” and “they” are third person, nominative case.
Objective case means that the pronoun can be used as an object in a sentence.
“Me” and “them” are first person, objective case.
“You” is second person, objective case. “YOUS” IS NOT A WORD.
“Him”, “her” and “it” are third person, objective case.
Possessive case means that the pronoun can be used to show ownership or possession.
“My” and “our” are first person, possessive case and are always used with nouns.
“Mine” and “ours” are first person, possessive case and are used without a noun.
“Your” is second person, possessive case and is always used with nouns.
“Yours” is second person, possessive case and is used with a noun.
“His”, “her”, “hers”, “its”, “their” and “theirs”are third person, possessive case.
What are the nominative, objective and possessive forms of the pronoun “who”?
“Who” is singular and plural, nominative case.
“Whom” is singular and plural, objective case.
“Whose” is singular and plural, possessive case.
IS THIS TRUE?
“Where you find the laws most numerous, there you will find also the greatest injustice.”
Arcesilaus was a Greek philosopher who lived from about 3165 to 241 BC.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Onerous” (adj.) means not easily borne, burdensome, taxing or deep.
“”I felt my job of caring for my younger siblings was onerous and very difficult.”
“Antipathetical” (adj.) means strongly opposed, averse to or loath to.
“Many old people are antipathetical to new ideas and technology because they do not like change.”
“Palpable” (adj.) means capable of being perceived by the senses, tangible or noticeable.
“The sense of dread and fear of the coming hurricane was palpable in the people of New Orleans.”
“Implication” (n.) refers to something that is inferred, induced or implied, a deduction or an intended meaning that is not exactly stated.
“The implication that they would be severely beaten was always in the minds of the small shopkeepers in the downtrodden city if they did not pay protection money to the local toughs.”