Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s entries.
“Beside” is a preposition meaning next to or in close proximity to something.
“The troll lived beside the stream.”
“Besides” is an adverb meaning otherwise, over and above
“I had no time to warn you; besides, I didn’t even know you were there.”
The two words “in” and “into” would appear to be interchangeable but they are not and are misused as much as any two words in the English language.
“In” is a preposition meaning or expressing inclusion, presence or existence.
“He is sitting quietly in the room.”
“Into” is a preposition expressing movement or action or direction.
“The thief moved from the bedroom into the den with stealth and speed as he searched for valuables.”
Choose the correct form of “in” or “into” in the following examples.
He walked ………. the house ahead of me. (in, into)
He walked into the house ahead of me.
She burst hurriedly ………. the room. (in, into)
She burst hurriedly into the room.
They stuffed candles ………. the Christmas stockings. (in, into)
They stuffed candles into the Christmas stockings.
He thrust his hand ………. the mitt. (in, into)
He thrust his hand into the mitt.
They moved ………. that house yesterday. (in, into)
They moved into that house yesterday. (in, into)
PLURALS – A TEST
What is the correct plural form of the following twelve words?
Radio – radios
Potato – potatoes
Loaf – loaves
Basis – bases
Lieutenant-governor – lieutenant-governors (the more important word is pluralized.)
Man-of-war – men-of-war
Phenomenon – phenomena
Hero – heroes
Ox – oxen
Tableau – tableaux
Curriculum – curricula
Sheaf – sheaves
How many did you answer correctly?
POSITIVE, COMPARATIVE & SUPERLATIVE DEGREE
This should be simple, fun and easy if you know the concept of positive, comparative and superlative degrees of adjectives and adverbs, but I bet you will miss at least one.
Identify each of the following words as adjectives or adverbs and list the comparative and superlative degrees of each:
large, larger, largest (adj.)
beautiful, more beautiful, most beautiful (adj.)
much, more, most (adj., adv.)
patient, more patient, most patient (adj.)
good, better, best (adj.)
badly, worse, worst (adv.)
well, better, best (adj., adv.)
bad, worse, worst (adj.)
swiftly, more swiftly, most swiftly (adv.)
fore, former, foremost (adj.)
How many did you identify correctly?
The principal tense parts of a verb are called “present tense form”, “past tense form” and “past participle form”; for example, the “present tense form” of the verb “to begin” is “begin”; the “past tense form” is “began”; and the “past participle form” is “begun”.
Identify the “present tense form”, “past tense form” and “past participle form” of the following verbs:
“to bite” – bite, bit, bitten
“To do” – do, did, done
“To drive” – drive, drove, driven
“To lay” – (meaning “to place”) – lay, laid, laid
“To shake” – shake, shook, shaken
Did you identify each part correctly?
POSSIBLY DEBATABLE – PROBABLY NOT!
“Every great advance in natural knowledge has involved the absolute rejection of authority.”
Thomas H. Huxley, an English biologist who lived from 1825 to 1895, wrote this.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Canard” (n.) refers to a false story or report, a piece of fiction or a hoax.
“The detective knew that the crook’s alibi was a complete canard but would be very difficult to disprove.”
“Purview” (n.) refers to the range of one’s interest, operation or activity or to the full scope provided or enacted in a statute.
“The expert witness’s purview covered a wide range of mental disorders.”
“Saturnine” (adj.) means grimly humourous, cheerless, sluggish , sardonic or biting.
The root word is “Saturn”, the name of the second largest planet and the sixth in order from the sun.
The Romans named Saturn as the god of agriculture and vegetation.
Receive your GOLD STAR for knowing that, in astrology, those born under the sign of Saturn were supposed to have a gloomy nature.
“The old man’s saturnine comments about teenagers were largely formed because he was once assaulted and badly hurt by two young boys.”
“Lecherous” (adj.) means given to excessive indulgence in sexual activity, lewd or given to sensualism.
“Lecher” is the noun form of a person who is overly lewd.
“Lechery” is the noun form.
“Lech” is a colloquial form of the word.
“Lecherousness” is another noun form.
“Panegyric” (n.) refers to an oration, a eulogy, a psalm or a formal expression of praise.
“Panegyric” can be a noun or an adjective.
Receive your GOLD STAR for connecting the word to the day, Memorial Day – November 11, which is dedicated to the memories of the soldiers who gave their lives to protect our freedoms.