Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s entries.
“I”, “he”, “she”, “we” and “they” are personal pronouns that must always be used in the nominative case.
“They” and “we” are plural.
“I did it.”
“He did it.”
“She did it.”
“We did it.”
“They did it.”
“Him”, “her”, “us” and “them” are personal pronouns that must be used in the objective case.
“Us” and “them” are plural.
“I hit him.”
“I hit her.”
“She hit us twice.”
“She hit them too.”
“Their” is a possessive pronominal adjective.
“Their car is an old classic.”
“Theirs” is a possessive pronoun.
“That car is theirs.”
“There” is an adverb and an expletive.
“Put the box there, please.”
“There. I told you so.”
“There’s” is the short form of “there is”.
“There’s no alternative; they must do it this way.”
There is some confusion when using the words “good” and “well”.
“Good” is always an adjective.
“Good” can be used to indicate health when used in terms of one of the senses because the senses take an adjective.
“I feel good.”
“Well” is generally an adverb but it is an adjective when it means “in good health”.
“He played well.”
“I am well.” (This is different from, “I feel good.”)
Below is the list of nouns and their plural forms.
box – boxes
turkey – turkeys
city – cities
folio – folios
radio – radios
potato – potatoes
hero – heroes
soprano – sopranos
loaf – loaves
wife – wives
mouse – mice
ox – oxen
basis – bases
tableau – tableaux
radius – radii
father-in-law – fathers-in-law
governor-general – governors-general
man-servant – men-servants
stratum – strata
curriculum – curricula
civics – no plural form and requires a singular verb
Nouns ending in “y” preceded by a vowel form their plurals by adding “s”.
Nouns ending in “y” preceded by a consonant form their plurals by changing the “y” to “I” and adding “es”.
Nouns ending in “o” preceded by a vowel form their plurals by adding “s”.
Nouns ending in “o” preceded by a consonant usually form their plurals by adding “es”.
Musical terms and a few other words which end in “o” preceded by a consonant add only “s”.
Some nouns ending in “f” or “fe” change the “f” to “v” and add “es” or “s”.
Some nouns which come from foreign languages have their foreign plurals.
Compound nouns usually pluralize the more important word. Some pluralize both words.
Some nouns are plural in form but singular in meaning and require a singular verb.
Try the test. Score your results. Rate yourself. A perfect score is 16.
Choose the correct word in each sentence.
The correct choice is the second sentence in each case.
(Who, whom) do you prefer for the position?
Whom do you prefer for the position?
He is a (really, real) famous man.
He is a really famous man.
Do not put paper (in, into) the stove.
Do not put paper into the stove.
I have never (drove, driven) over that road before.
I have never driven over that road before.
Your garden is growing (well, good).
Your garden is growing well.
This clock (don’t, doesn’t) keep good time.
This clock doesn’t keep good time.
That road looks (bad, badly).
That road looks bad.
Neither of the two days (are, is) suitable to me.
Neither of the two days is suitable to me.
The mat was (laying, lying) at the front door.
The mat was lying at the front door.
The boy was (sitting, setting) on his cap.
The boy was sitting on his cap.
The water in the lake (raises, rises) after a storm.
The water in the lake rises after a storm.
The children have (gone, went) to school.
The children have gone to school.
(Brightly, bright) coloured flowers make an attractive bouquet.
Brightly coloured flowers make an attractive bouquet.
(Were, was) either of your parents there?
Was either of your parents there?
It is a long (way, ways) through the tunnel.
It is a long way through the tunnel.
You should (of, have) seen the circus when it was in town.
You should have seen the circus when it was in town.
“Let not a man guard his dignity, but let his dignity guard him.”
Ralph Waldo Emerson, an American essayist and poet who lived from 1803 to 1882, wrote this.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Pervious” (adj.) means admitting of entrance, porous, permeable or allowing liquid to pass through.
“Impervious” is the antonym, or opposite of “pervious”.
“Rubicund” (adj.) means ruddy, blooming, rosy-cheeked, reddish or healthy.
“His rubicund complexion was the result of good, healthy and natural living.”
“Effervesce” (v.) means to fizz, to foam, to froth or to spew forth.
“The students watched in fascination as the two chemicals effervesced as they were heated.”
“Crepuscular” (adj.) means dusky, twilight or stygian.
“Many animals start to prowl as the sun sets and the crepuscular early evening creeps in.”
“Manifestation” (n.) refers to a clear appearance, an expression without words, evidence or an indication.
“A manifestation of fear is often a drying of the mouth.”