Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s entries.
“Lie” is the present tense of the verb “to lie” meaning to recline. It does not act on anything or anyone else. It is an intransitive verb.
“I lie down on the couch to get some rest.” (Correct. It is not being done to anything else.)
“Lay” means to place something down. It is something done to something else. It is a transitive verb.
“Lay” is the past tense of the verb “to lie”.
“Lay the book on the table.” (Correct. It is being done to something else.)
“Layed” is a misspelling and does not exist. Use “laid”.
“Laid” is the past tense of the verb “to lay”.
I laid the book on the table yesterday. (Correct. It is being done to something else.)
“Breath” is a noun referring to the iar that is inhaled or exhaled.
“He took a breath before he jumped into the water.”
“Breathe” is a verb meaning to inhale or exhale air.
“Breathe deeply to help calm some tense nerves.”
“Breath” is pronounced as in the word “death”.
“Breathe” is pronounced as in the word “heel”.
“Forward” is a verb meaning to send on.
“I will forward this and you will receive it in an hour.”
“Forward” is an adjective meaning progressive or advancing.
“He always has forward thinking and refuses to dwell on the past.”
“Forwards” is a less formal version of “forward”.
“We will pick up the pieces and move forwards.”
“Foreword” is a noun referring exclusively to the introductory matter in a book.
“The forward of my new book was written by my old English professor.”
“Broke” is the simple past tense of the verb “to break”.
“I broke my bike yesterday because I was careless.”
“Broken” is the past participle of the verb “to break”.
The Olympic record for the 100 yard dash was broken by a man named Usain Bolt.”
When I break something, it is “broken” not “broke”.
A TRUTH WORTH REMEMBERING
“Compassion is the basis of all morality.”
Arthur Schopenhauer, a German philosopher who lived from 1788 to 1860, wrote this.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
Oops! There were only three words last week because I was careless and did not check my copy carefully enough.
“Contentious” (adj.) means argumentative, inclined to dispute or disagree, quarrelsome or at variance.
“The contentious lawyer was known for his disagreeable and upsetting behaviour both in court and in social situations.”
“Embolden” (v.) means to encourage, to cheer, to hearten or to strengthen.
“The coach was know to have the ability to embolden even mediocre players to exceed their dreams and to perform at superior levels.”
“Benign” (adj.) means pleasant and beneficial in nature, gracious, harmless or inoffensive.
“Her benign character was wonderfully calming in a tense and high-pressure office because she always had a smile and an encouraging word for everyone.”