Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s entries.
SINGULAR OR PLURAL?
“Mumps” is a disease having only a singular form.
“Criterium” is singular; “criteria” is plural.
“Politics”, as a noun, has only a singular form.
“Phenomenon” is singular; “phenomena” is plural.
“Medium” is singular; “media” is plural.
“Physics” is a branch of science having only a singular form.
“Ethics” is a branch of knowledge having only a singular form.
“Datum” is singular; “data” is plural.
“Memorandum” is singular; “memoranda” is plural.
“Orient” as a noun means east.
“Orient” as a verb means to find direction or to give direction.
“Orientation” is the noun form of this kind of directing.
“The orient is a mysterious place to most occidentals.”
“It is nearly impossible to clearly orient oneself in a totally dark cave or room.”
“Orientate” is standard in British English but is widely considered an error in the US with simple “orient” being preferred.
“Install” is a verb meaning to set up, to put into position or to establish.
“I will install the water heater tomorrow when I have more time.”
“Instill” is a verb meaning to add, to bestow, to contribute or to impart.
“Good parents try to instill good values in their children.”
“Solid” is an adjective meaning strongly constructed, hard, dependable or secure.
“Solidity” is the noun form.
“Solidness” is another noun form.
“Solidify” is the verb form.
“Solidly” is the adverb form.
“The rookies will make the team a solid contender in about two years when they have matured and mastered the difficulties of professional sports expectations.”
“Stolid” is an adjective meaning unemotional, chilly, humdrum, monotonous or tedious.
“Stolidity” is the noun form.
“Stolidness” is another noun form.
“Stolidly” is the adverb form.
“He was a stolid mentor but he was knowledgeable and kind.”
Identify and correct all the errors in the sentences below. Be sure to give reasons for your choices.
That is where I am at right now.
“At” cannot be used after the word “where”.
That is where I am right now.
The reason he left is because he was frustrated.
“Because” is not used after “reason”.
The reason he left is he was frustrated.
He stared acrossed the aisle at me.
“Acrossed” is not a word.
He stared across the aisle at me.
I put the pen somewheres around here.
“Somewheres” is not a word.
I put the pen somewhere around here.
You could have went with them.
“Went” cannot be used in place of “gone”.
You could have gone with them.
He wants out of the contract.
“Out of” is not a good expression.
He wants to cancel the contract.
Please loan us a hundred dollars.
“Loan” is a noun; “lend” is a verb. They are not interchangeable.
Please lend us a hundred dollars.
WORTH KEEPING IN MIND
“A little learning is a dangerous thing but a lot of ignorance is just as bad.”
Bob Edwards, born in 1947 in Kentucky and a member of the National Radio Hall of Fame, said this.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Oxymoron” (n.) is a literary device that joins contradictory terms such as deafening silence.
“Juliet said to Romeo, “Parting is such sweet sorrow that I will say good night until tomorrow”.
“Abdication” (n.) refers to stepping down, abandonment, desertion or resigning.
“Abdicate” is the verb form.
“George VI of England chose abdication from the throne in order to marry his lover.”
“Undaunted” (adj.) means unshaken in purpose, bent on, determined to or resolutely courageous.
“I may be hurt but I am undaunted in my quest to achieve stardom on the New York stage.”
“Cadge” (v.) means to be a parasite, to sponge, to obtain by begging or to mooch.
“The young musician would play and sing outside the theatre to cadge money from patrons for food.”
“Lucid” (adj.) means transparently clear, understandable, well-balanced or of sound mind.
“Lucidity” is the noun form.
“Lucidness” is another noun form.
“She looked wild and untamed but her testimony was completely lucid and it secured the conviction of her attacker.”