Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s entries.
“Perimeter” is a noun referring to a boundary, a margin or a border around an object.
“The perimeter of the Canadian football field is much larger than that of an American field.”
“Parameter” is a noun referring to a constant quantity, or more technically, a specific mathematical or physical term which means a variable which has the same value in more than one equation. It does not mean a border or limitation.
“There are three parameters by which a speaker is able to modify the meaning of the utterance – pitch, volume and tempo.”
TEST YOUR SKILLS
Identify and correct each error. Give reasons for your choices.
BONUS: Receive a GOLD STAR for identifying the error in the instructions.
Before that, he says to me, “Keep still.”
“Says” is incorrect; it must be in the past tense.
Before that, he said to me, “Keep still.”
Sit the money on the counter.
“Sit” is incorrect because it is always intransitive and a transitive verb is needed.
Set the money on the counter.
I use to read every Hardy Boys book I could find.
“Use” is incorrect because it refers to something formerly done and should be in the past tense.
I used to read every Hardy Boys book I could find.
It is sure hot outside.
“Sure” is incorrect because it is an adjective and only an adverb can modify another adverb.
It is surely hot outside.
He likes you more then me.
“Then” is incorrect because it is an adverb and a conjunction is needed.
He likes you more than me.
I like them apples.
“Them” cannot be used in place of “those”.
I like those apples.
Please loan us a hundred dollars.
“Loan” is a noun and the verb form is needed.
Please lend us a hundred dollars.
There were less days below freezing last winter.
“Less” cannot be used when referring to specific numbers.
There were fewer days below freezing last winter.
Each of the following sentences have an error in it.
“Have” is incorrect because the subject is singular but the verb is plural.
Each of the following sentences has an error in it.
Identify and correct the errors in the following examples. Give your reasons for each choice.
“Windsor’s jail – which is a maximum security jail – will eventually close and transfer to a new facility further from the city centre.”
“Further” is incorrect because it has no relevance to distance.
“Windsor’s jail – which is a maximum security jail – will eventually close and transfer to a new facility farther from the city centre.”
“ ‘The U.S. has introduced its (Secure Flight) program where, if you are a frequent traveller and if you have submitted a certain number of data on a voluntary basis, you will be treated differently,’ Benjamin said.”
“Number” is incorrect because it refers to specific countable things.
“ ‘The U.S. has introduced its (Secure Flight) program where, if you are a frequent traveller and if you have submitted a certain amount of data on a voluntary basis, you will be treated differently,’ Benjamin said.”
“ ‘We’re getting fed up with all this take-away stuff. We’re hard working people, we want to work, we don’t want to strike, and we don’t want to give away anything more either.’ ”
The punctuation is incorrect. Commas cannot be used for full stops because commas mean pauses.
“ ‘We’re getting fed up with all this take-away stuff. We’re hard working people; we want to work; we don’t want to strike; and we don’t want to give away anything more either.’ ”
“Continuous” is an adjective meaning uninterrupted.
“For forty-eight the rain was continuous and unrelenting.”
“Continual” is an adjective meaning repeated again and again or frequently.
“The phone was a continual interruption that really impeded the completion of my work.”
“Premier” is a noun referring to the person who is head of state in certain countries or provinces.
“The Premier of Ontario is not very popular at this time.”
“Premiere” is a noun referring to the first performance of a work such as a play.
“The premiere of the movie “The Hunger Games” was successful and very lucrative.”
PLEASE REMEMBER THE FALLEN HEROES
“Nurture your mind with great thoughts; to believe in the heroic makes heroes.”
Benjamin Disraeli, a British politician and Prime Minister who lived from 1804 to 1881, wrote this.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Succulent” (adj.) means lush, dripping, juicy or voluptuous.
“The succulent fruit surrounding the thanksgiving feast made the mouths of the guests water.”
“Disposition” (n.) refers to the act or means of getting rif of something, a discarding or throwing away of something.
“The disposition of the old woman’s assets among her children was marred by greed and selfishness.”
“Disposition” (n.) also refers to an attitude of mind, one’s temperament or personality.
“Her rosy disposition served her well as she tried to control and teach the young children in her class.”
“Surrogate” (n.) refers to a stand-in, a deputy or a representative appointed to act on behalf of others.
“A surrogate was named to run the business when the president was in the hospital and too ill to make the decisions.”
“Callow” (adj.) means naive, inexperienced, unsophisticated or immature.
“The earnest but callow boy tried to govern his class but failed because of his inexperience.”
“Prognosticate” (v.) means to anticipate, to forebode, to predict or to foretell.
“Prognostication” is the noun form.
“Prognosticator” is another noun form.
“Prognosis” is another noun form.
“Many have tried to prognosticate about the end of the world but no one has yet been accurate.”