Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s posts.
Find the mistakes in the following pieces and correct them. Be sure to give reasons for your choices.
“But to discover a vast varmint-free oasis in this city, go no further than the Windsor International Airport (YQG), where it’s legal to hunt, trap, chase, haze and harass any bird or animal within its 2,000 acres of fenced-off territory.”
“Further” is incorrect because the reference is to distance.
“But to discover a vast varmint-free oasis in this city, go no farther than the Windsor International Airport (YQG), where it’s legal to hunt, trap, chase, haze and harass any bird or animal within its 2,000 acres of fenced-off territory.”
“A way which turned out to be exactly the way they did win it, by taking advantage of everything that Windsor gave them.”
This is an incomplete thought because there is no principal clause.
“The coach struggled to find a way to win which turned out to be exactly the way they did win it, by taking advantage of everything that Windsor gave them.”
“Contaminates” is a verb meaning to make impure, to pollute or to foul.
“Poor writing contaminates a reader’s ability to understand the writer’s intent.”
“Contaminants” is a noun referring to a substance that is corrupted.
“The contaminants in the sludge will soon ooze into the soil and create the possibility of crop failure for miles around.”
“Lustful” is an adjective meaning lascivious, libidinous or sexually aroused.
“His lustful glances at the woman unnerved her so much she called the police.”
“Lusty” is an adjective meaning amorous, hearty, flushed or blooming.
“He had a lusty love of the good live and shared everything he had with his fellow revellers.”
ARE THERE TWO ERRORS?
Carefully read the entry below and determine if there is one error or two in it. One should be obvious; the other is based on common understanding of word meanings.
Correct what you consider incorrect and give reasons to support your choices.
“Survey finds that one-in-three Ontarians trash batteries”
“One-in-three” means one person is doing the action; thus, the plural verb is incorrect.
The other error is more subtle. How can a survey, an inanimate entity, “find” a fact? It is impossible. The findings of a survey can reveal a fact, not find.
“Survey findings reveal that one-in-three Ontarians trashes batteries”
“Rational” is an adjective meaning logical, thinking or sound in judgment.
“He made a rational decision to drop out of the political race because of his family needs and ethics.”
“Rationale” is a noun referring to a principle, a point or an explanation for something.
“His rationale to try to become a pro hockey player was based on the continuing support of all his amateur coaches.”
“Rationalization” is a noun referring to an explanation, a basis, a defence mechanism by which true emotion is concealed by explaining actions and feelings in a non-threatening way.
“The rationalization that he was the best candidate for the job was based, largely, on his inflated sense of self-importance.”
GREAT DEPTH AND APPLICATION
“Character is higher than intellect… A great soul will be strong to live, as well as to think.”
Ralph Waldo Emerson, an American essayist and poet who lived from 1803 to 1882, wrote this.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Welter” (n.) refers to a confused muddle of things, clutter or a jumble. As a verb it means to roll around, as a pig in mud.
“The attack petered out in a welter of bloody and confused hand-to-hand fighting.”
“Cumbersome” (adj.) means ponderous, awkward, clumsy or bulky.
“Cumbersomeness” is the noun form.
“Cumbersomely” is the adverb form.
Resplendent” (adj.) means glorious, magnificent, attractive or flamboyant.
“The Queen of England, when dressed in her robes of state, is a resplendent and beautiful woman.”
“Bastardize” (v.) means to change something so that its value declines, to declare something illegitimate or to debase.
“She will annul her marriage to bastardize the entire issue of her half-brother’s claim to the family fortune.”
“Ravish” (v.) means to enchant to hold spellbound or to dishonour, to rape or to violate.
“Ravisher” is a noun form.
“Ravishing” is the present participle and adjective form.
“Ravishingly” is the adverb form.
“Ravishment” is another noun form.
“She was a magnificent beauty who could ravish her admirers with a mere look or smile.”