Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s entries.
“Economic” is an adjective pertaining to the production, distribution and use of income and wealth.
“The government’s economic policy is designed to lower the public deficit and to keep the country solvent.”
“Economical” is an adjective meaning avoiding waste, efficient, designed to save money or effort or businesslike.
“She always kept close watch on her business expenses and was considered to be a very economical and successful entrepreneur.”
What part of speech is “lose”?
“Lose” is the present tense of the verb “to lose” which means to fail to win, to fall back or to fail to make money.
“Slot machine gamblers will always lose money because the odds are designed to make money for the casinos.”
What part of speech is “loose”?
“Loose” is an adjective meaning unfixed.
“The loose dress hung on her lean body and was devoid of any sense of fashion.”
What part of speech is “loser”?
“Loser” is a noun referring to a person with a record of failure.
“He was called a loser by the bullies who considered him a loser because he could not play baseball very well.”
What part of speech is “looser”?
“Looser” is the comparative degree of the adjective loose.
“The shirt was looser than he wanted because it did not show off his huge body well enough to suit his ego.”
Identify and correct the errors in the following pieces.
“Vail doesn’t believe the sanctions will in any way effect the desire of top players to want to suit up for the Spitfires.”
“Effect”, a noun and sometimes verb, in this sentence cannot be used as a verb.
“Vail doesn’t believe the sanctions will in any way affect the desire of top players to want to suit up for the Spitfires.”
“ ‘Invisible to an entire community, one which includes social service agencies, schools, neighbours, friends and family. So invisible as to literally disappear’ ”
There is no verb in the first group of words. It is an incomplete thought.
The same is true of the second group of words.
“ ‘The child’s plight was invisible to an entire community, one which includes social service agencies, schools, neighbours, friends and family; it was so invisible as to literally disappear’ ”
I AM BEING PICKY FOR A PURPOSE
I challenge you to read this sentence very carefully and to find a word that is badly misused.
You might even find a punctuation miscue. What is it?
“But teachers and other school staff may be about to lose that benefit, with legislation pending and the Catholic teachers’ union recently reaching a memorandum of understanding with the provincial government that cuts sick days from 20 per year to 10 and eliminates banking and retirement payouts if they don’t get used.”
“Get” is a word I hate because it is so universally misused. I suggest it be stricken from the English language.
How can inanimate entities “get” anything? “Get” implies doing something or action and, in the context above, is incorrectly used.
Properly, the comma after “benefit” should be removed.
“But teachers and other school staff may be about to lose that benefit with legislation pending and the Catholic teachers’ union recently reaching a memorandum of understanding with the provincial government that cuts sick days from 20 per year to 10 and eliminates banking and retirement payouts if they are not used.”
A GOOD CHALLENGE
“He only earns his freedom and existence who daily conquers them anew.”
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, a German dramatist, novelist, poet and scientist who lived from 1749 to 1832, wrote this.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Inculcate” (v.) means to implant gradually, to infuse, to instill, to train or to prepare.
“We must inculcate the love of freedom and respect for others in all our children so as to preserve our democratic culture.”
“Luminary” (n.) refers to a celestial body or a body that gives light, a guiding or leading light, status or prestige.
The etymology, or root, of “luminary” is the Latin “lumen” which means light.
“The young Hollywood actor was extremely talented and was considered a luminary by his fans who mobbed him every time he appeared in public.”
“Gargantuan” (adj.) means massive, sizeable or elephantine.
“The gargantuan boy stood better than a foot over his peers and the basketball coaches in the city drooled over recruiting him for their teams.”
“Minuscule” (adj.) means diminutive, petite, tiny or lilliputian.
“The minuscule drop of blood at the crime scene was all the scientists needed to create a DNA profile for the investigators to pursue in trying to solve the murder case.”