Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s entries.
A “conjunction” is a word that joins words phrases or clauses.
A “co-ordinate conjunction” joins words, phrases or clauses of the same rank or in the same way in a sentence.
“She studies before she goes to school and while her mind is fresh.”
“I will work in the factory or in the office.”
“Correlative conjunctions” are co-ordinate conjunctions which are used in pairs.
“He locked both the doors and the windows.”
“Neither the man nor the boy could swim.”
A “subordinate conjunction” is a word that introduces a dependent clause and joins it to some other word in a sentence.
“This is the town where he lives.”
“I know that my answer is correct.”
“Phrasal conjunctions” are conjunctions that consist of two or more words.
“We shall leave as soon as he comes.”
“He walks as if he is tired.”
Identify, explain and correct each error in the examples.
“Not fighting elections, not funding Occupy movements, nothing else.”
This does not come close to being a sentence or a complete thought because there is no verb.
The context makes “nothing else a double negative which is not acceptable.
“Union dues should be used for representing workers, not fighting elections, not funding Occupy movements or for anything else.”
“Obama’s re-election therefore provides him with just the lever he needs, within the Conservative base, to shoehorn them, kicking and screaming, even further towards the moderate middle: ‘See what happens if we’re too extreme?’ ”
The comma after “needs” is unnecessary.
“Further” should be “farther”.
Adding the quote after the colon is not really coherent and probably should be reconstructed.
“Obama’s re-election therefore provides him with just the lever he needs within the Conservative base, to shoehorn them, kicking and screaming, even farther towards the moderate middle and to show what happens if they are too extreme.”
Identify and correct the errors in the following pieces.
“The chemical “legacy” in the lake sediments indicates that oilsand pollution is travelling further than expected and has been for decades.”
“Further” is incorrect because distance is indicated.
Technically, “oilsand” is two words but has become one, in Canada.
“The chemical “legacy” in the lake sediments indicates that oilsand pollution is travelling farther than expected and has been for decades.”
“Perfect timing, therefore, for a local gathering of the official Opposition.”
Where is the verb?
“The timing is perfect, therefore, for a local gathering of the official Opposition.”
Find, identify and fix the errors in the following pieces.
“Distracted by the request, the person is then robbed of their phone.”
“The person” is singular; “their” is plural; this is inconsistent.
I do not accept using “their” generically to refer to a single person; it does not compute or make correct sense.
“Distracted by the request, the person is then robbed of his phone.”
“Rabideau was walking of Ouellette Avenue in the early hours of May 21, 2010, when he was set upon by two much larger men, who beat and kicked him unconscious during a robbery in which the attackers hurled homophobic slurs as he lay on the ground.”
The comma after “2010” is unnecessary.
The comma after “men” is unnecessary.
“Rabideau was walking of Ouellette Avenue in the early hours of May 21, 2010 when he was set upon by two much larger men who beat and kicked him unconscious during a robbery in which the attackers hurled homophobic slurs as he lay on the ground.”
“Torturous” means causing torture, suffering or cruelly painful.
“The sadistic old man delighted in his torturous self-flagellation in his attempts to atone for his sins.”
“Tortuous” means winding, crooked or tricky to handle.
“The path was so ill-defined and overrun with vines that any progress was tortuous and time-consuming.”
RULE OF THE WEEK
It is perfectly legitimate to begin a sentence with a conjunction.
Conjunctions are words used to join words, phrases clauses or sentences together.
“And so I say to you that anyone who claims otherwise is incorrect.”
“It’s been common to begin sentences with conjunctions since at least the tenth century.”
Patricia T. O’Conner, “Origins of the Specious”.
“Nothing is worse than active ignorance.”
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, a German dramatist, novelist, poet and scientist who lived from 1749 to 1832, wrote this.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Concomitance” (n.) refers to occurrence or existence together, concurrence or accompanying simultaneously.
“She loved to travel, even with all the concomitance of worries over luggage loss, wait times, delays and extra airline charges.”
“Disoblige” (v.) means to bother, to give trouble to, to irritate, to ignore or to brush aside.
“Please, do not be so disagreeable as to arrogantly disoblige my tourist’s simple plea for directions.”
“Irrefutable” (adj.) means impossible to deny or disprove, certain or undisputable.
“DNA evidence is often the irrefutable evidence that leads to the conviction of a person for a crime.”
“Squelch” (v.) means to stamp down, to quell, to press or squeeze with a force that destroys, to crush or mash.
“I will squelch any attempt to rebel or oppose me with a swiftness that will make your head spin.”
“Toady” (n. or v.) means to bootlick, to suck up, to fawn, to behave obsequiously to someone important.
“The eager young realtor would toady to his rich clients so much that I wanted to vomit in disgust.”