Here are the corrections and explanations for last week’s entries.
Identify, explain and correct the three errors in the following pieces. I suggest there are three.
“As for tweeting, anytime the mood strikes.”
Where is the verb? It is not a sentence without a verb.
“As for tweeting, do it anytime the mood strikes.”
“Which brings us to square.”
“Which” is a subordinate conjunction and cannot be used here.
Does this even make sense or is a word left out?
“Which brings us to square.”
I am appalled at how many people constantly misuse the words “lay”, “lie”, “layed” and “laid”.
So, let’s try to set things straight. HINT: be careful; I am setting you up for failure.
“Lie” is the present tense of the verb “to lie”. The subject is not acting on an object.
“I lie down on the bed when I am tired.”
“Lay” is the present tense of the verb “to lay”, meaning to put down something. The subject is acting on some other object.
“I lay the book on the desk when I stop reading.”
“Layed” is an incorrect spelling of the word “laid” and should never be used.
“Laid” is the past tense of the verb “to lay”.
“I laid down the law.”
“Collaborate” is a verb meaning to cooperate, to get together or to merge.
“Many writers will collaborate on the creation of this new TV series.”
“Corroborate” is a verb meaning to establish the truth of something by validation. to give evidence for, to confirm or to support.
“The witnesses will corroborate, with their similar stories, the alibi of this suspect.”
“Honourable” is an adjective meaning showing integrity and honesty.
“She is an honourable woman who is well-respected by all members of the community.”
“Honorarium” is a noun referring to a fee or reward paid for a service.
“I recently was a guest lecturer and was paid a small honorarium for my efforts.”
“Honorary” is an adjective meaning unearned or an honour given without the usual duties or privileges needed.
“Bill Cosby has received many honorary doctorate degrees for his highly respected contributions to raising children.”
“Honorific” is a noun referring to an expression of respect.
“The honorific of “Sir” has been conferred by the Queen on many actors such as Sean Connery.”
There are four types of sentences: assertive, interrogative, imperative and exclamatory.
An assertive sentence makes a statement or asserts something.
“I like correct English usage.”
An interrogative sentence asks a question.
“Where are you going with that?”
An imperative sentence makes a command.
“Play that piano more softly or stop playing completely.”
An exclamatory sentence gives expression to a strong feeling.
“How glad I am to see you!”
RULE OF THE WEEK
Certain words fall into the category of “absolute modifiers” which means that comparative and superlative words such as “very”, “so” or “extremely” should not be used to modify them. As an example, “unique” means one of a kind, so a comparative or superlative modifier cannot be used because one of a kind things cannot be compared; so “extremely unique” is incorrect.
Other words which reflect some kind of absolute are “absolute”, “overwhelmed”, “straight”,
“opposite”, “right”, “dead”, “entirely”, “eternal”, “fatal”, “final”, “identical”, “infinite”, “mortal”, “opposite”, “perfect”, “immortal”, “finite” and “irrevocable”.
“Mediocrity knows nothing higher than itself, but talent instantly recognizes genius.”
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, a British mystery author and physician who lived from 1859 to 1930, wrote this.
LAST WEEK’S WORDS
“Demarcation” (n.) refers to the boundary of a specific area, limit, confines or a dividing line.
“The demarcation between North and South Korea is called the demilitarized zone.”
“Litigious” (adj.) means argumentative, contentious, bilious or inclined to dispute or disagree.
“Litigation” is the noun form.
“Litigate” is the verb form.
“Litigant” is another noun form.
“The litigious lawyer was immensely disliked because he was always threatening to sue people for the most trivial of reasons.”
“Efface” (v.) means to obliterate, to wipe, to make inconspicuous or to remove.
“Does graffiti efface or decorate dull buildings?”
“Harridan” (n) refers to a scolding, vicious old hag, a disputable violent woman.
“The queen in ‘Snow White’ was a resentful, self-centred, old harridan.”
“Brandish” (v. & n.) as a verb means to flourish, to wave, to exhibit aggressively, to brag and as a noun it refers to a threatening flourish.
“You must brandish your weapon in the air to intimidate the enemy into submission.”
“Oh please, don’t brandish that sword at me!”