Here are the corrections and explanations for this week’s entries.
Identify and correct the errors in the following examples I actually heard spoken.
“Wheres she work at?”
“At” is redundant.
The opening is just plain sloppy diction.
“Where does she work?”
“Yous ones are really gonna like this show.”
There is no such word as “yous”.
“Ones” is a ridiculous pluralization of a singular word.
“Gonna” is slipshod enunciation.
“You are really going to like this show.”
“Elegy” is a noun referring to a poetic form or type which usually has sad or thoughtful subject.
It comes from the Greek “elegeia” meaning mournful poem.
“The elegy he wrote about his father’s death became his most famous and most quoted poem.”
“Eulogy” is a noun referring to a speech praising a deceased person at a funeral. It comes from the Greek “eulogia” meaning praise.
“The eulogy at the funeral touched all the mourners deeply.
“Reluctant” is an adjective meaning unwilling, not eager, afraid or bashful.
“Reluctance” is the noun form.
“Reluctantly” is the adverb form.
“He was reluctant to go into the water because it was so cold.”
“Reticent” is an adjective meaning disinclined to speaking, disposed to being silent or reserved.
“Reticence” is the noun form.
“Reticently” is the adverb form.
“The young student was very nervous and reticent about giving a speech in front of his class.”
Read the following examples and determine what is wrong with each.
All are examples of dangling modifiers which always create confusion about the meaning of the sentence. Read the sentences closely and the confusing meanings should become obvious.
“After reading the great new book, the movie based on it is sure to be exciting.”
Did the movie read the book?
“After I read the great new book, the movie based on it is sure to be exciting.”
“Walking down the street early in the evening, the street lamps came on.”
“Were the street lamps doing the walking?
“As I was walking down the street early in the evening, I saw the street lamps came on.”
“After looking out the window for hours, the snowstorm passed.”
“Was the snowstorm doing the looking?
“After looking out the window for hours, I saw that the snowstorm passed.”
“Having been thrown in the air, the dog chased and caught the ball.”
Was the dog thrown in the air?
“The dog chased and caught the ball that had been thrown in the air..”
“Running down the street, the sky was ashen grey.”
“Was the sky running down the street?
“I was running down the street and saw that the sky was ashen grey.”
“Leadership and learning are indispensable to each other.”
John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States who lived from 1917 to 1963, was to have spoken these words the day he was assassinated.
THIS WEEK’S WORDS
“Barbarous” (adj.) means brutal, cruel, savage or culturally primitive.
“His barbarous behaviour toward his children was insensitive and hurtful and caused a great rift in the family.
“Eventuate” means to have issue, to result, to come about, to occur as a result or to be the issue or outcome.
“Eventual” is the adjective form.
“Eventuality” is the noun form.
“Eventually” is the adverb form.
“You may never know what might eventuate but you will suffer severe results if you keep on this course of action.”
“Ethereal” (adj.) means lacking real existence, airy, gossamer or delicate.
“Etherealize” is the verb form.
“Etherealization” is the noun form.
“Tinker Bell is an ethereal figure who is a very good friend of Peter Pan.”
“Lamentable” (adj.) means anguished, deplorable, atrocious or very bad.
“Lament” is the verb form.
“Lamentation” is the noun form.
“Lamentably” is the adverb form.
“The old man lost his job, his wife and all his meagre resources and spiralled into a lamentable decline that was tragic to witness.”