Here are the corrections and explanations for this week’s posts.
MONDAY PUN DAY
These are punny-funny or is that funny-punny?
“Time flies like an arrow. Fruit flies like a banana.”
“A girl said she recognized me from the
vegetarian club, but I’d never met herbivore.”
THE USUAL ERRORS
Find, identify and correct the errors in the following pieces.
“Their arguments aren’t knew. In fact, they are typical of gun owners across the U.S.”
In today’s writing culture, I wonder if the writer even knows his mistake. Unbelievable!
I also think the punctuation should be corrected.
“Their arguments aren’t new; in fact, they are typical of gun owners across the U.S.”
“The Chaboreks used to have parties at Christmas and New Year’s. ‘This place filled right up,’ he said. ‘We always had a good time.’
Until the bridge came. Then, Chaborek says, ‘everything was a mess.’ ”
Newspaper writers should write in complete thoughts. “Until the bridge came” should not start a new paragraph and must be properly connected to the rest of the sentence.
Should “New Year” be possessive?
“The Chaboreks used to have parties at Christmas and New Year. ‘This place filled right up,’ he said. ‘We always had a good time.’ Then the bridge came and, Chaborek says, ‘everything was a mess.’ ”
MICHAEL’S RULES OF CORRECT ENGLISH USAGE
ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
An “adjective” is a word that modifies or describes a noun or pronoun.
“The big cat sat on the mat.”
“Big” is an adjective because it describes the cat.
An “adverb” is a word that describes a verb, an adjective or another adverb.
“The big cat sat primly on the mat.”
“Primly” is an adverb describing how the cat sat on the mat.
“The very big cat sat primly on the mat.”
“Very” is an adverb describing the adjective “big”.
“The very, very big cat sat on the mat.”
The first “very” is an adverb that modifies the second “very”.
“Eager” is an adjective meaning ardent or excited desire, keen interest or impatience.
“I am really eager to see our new car because I have never been able to afford one before.”
“Anxious” is an adjective meaning disquiet, uncomfortable, ill at ease, uncomfortable or fearful. Remember, “anxious” is derived from “anxiety” and is not interchangeable with eagerness to see something.
“I am really anxious about the storm clouds gathering in the west and I fear we are in for a brutal time when they arrive.”
“Went” is the simple past tense of the verb “to go”.
“He went to the movies last night with his new girlfriend.”
“Gone” is the past participle of the verb “to go” and must be accompanied by an auxiliary verb.
“I have gone to the movies many times but I avoid going on certain nights when I know there will be lots of people who would rather talk to each other than watch the movie.”
“I should have went yesterday but I forgot about it.” (TOO COMMONLY USED AND ALWAYS INCORRECT)
“Dredge” is a verb meaning to dig up, to scoop up or to bring up, usually, sludge or old memories. It can also be a noun.
“Every ten years they dredge the channel so the boats will not strike the bottom of the river and be damaged.”
“Drudge” is a verb meaning to do hard or annoying work. It can also be a noun.
“She would drudge through the monotony of brutal house cleaning every day for fear of retaliation from her mean-spirited and self-centred husband.”
“Trudge” means to slog labouriously up a hill.
“I trudge up that mountain as often as I can because I consider it another form of extreme exercise which I love to do.”
STUDY THIS – IT HAS GREAT DEPTH
“Man’s mind, once stretched by a new idea, never regains its original dimensions.”
Oliver Wendell Holmes, an American author and physician who lived from 1809 to 1894, wrote this.
THIS WEEK’S WORDS
“Distraught” (adj.) means overwrought, emotional, flustered or perturbed.
“The young mother was visibly distraught and shocked when told of the disappearance of her child.”
“Pungent” (adj.) means biting, pointed, sharply affecting the taste organs or caustic.
“The pungent odour of decay was overpowering when the police entered the recluse’s dingy house.”
“Unctuous” (adj.) means unpleasantly and excessively ingratiating, smarmy, fawning or grovelling.
“The executive secretary was so unctuous and condescending and was hated by anyone who had to deal with her.”
“Dotage” (n.) refers to mental infirmity, old age or senility.
“The poor, old woman was cruelly referred to as being in her dotage because of her strange behaviour and eccentric rantings.”