Here are the corrections and explanations for this week’s posts.
MICHAEL’S RULES OF CORRECT ENGLISH USAGE
PLURALS IN NOUNS
Nouns ending in “o” preceded by a vowel form their plurals by adding “s”.
“folio” – “folios”
“cuckoo” – “cuckoos”
Nouns ending in “o” preceded by a consonant usually form their plurals by adding “es”.
“potato” – “potatoes”
“hero” – “heroes”
Musical term nouns preceded by a consonant usually form their plurals by adding “s” only.
“piano” – “pianos”
“soprano” – “sopranos”
“Exasperate” is a verb meaning to annoy, to aggravate or to make furious.
“Exasperation” is the noun form.
“Exasperatedly” is the adverb form.
“That child is a royal pain and his behaviour exasperates me and tries my patience constantly.”
“Exacerbate” is a verb meaning to exasperate, to worsen to escalate or to intensify.
“Exacerbation” is the noun form.
“Very often a person’s negative attitude will exacerbate a situation and create more problems than might otherwise arise.”
ARE THEY INCORRECT?
“I think the only thing to be decided now is what date the election will be held on.”
“The preposition “on” at the end of the sentence is redundant and should be removed.
“I think the only thing to be decided now is what date the election will be held.”
“The other consideration is to give people a reasonable amount of time to consider putting their name forward and fill out nomination papers.”
“Name” should be plural because it refers to “people” which is plural.
For continuity’s sake, “Fill” should be replaced with the infinitive “to fill”.
“The other consideration is to give people a reasonable amount of time to consider putting their names forward and to fill out nomination papers.”
“We want to give every opportunity to those that have never considered politics before. It may attract someone off the sidelines.”
“That” should not be used to refer to people.
“We want to give every opportunity to those who have never considered politics before. It may attract someone off the sidelines.”
“Palate” is a noun referring to the roof of one’s mouth.
“Peanut butter sticks to the palate and makes speaking gummy and difficult.”
“Palette” is a noun referring to the flat board an artist mixes paint on, or by extension, a range of colours.
“That artist’s palette is most often laden with dark and threatening colours of paint.”
“Pallet” is a noun referring to a bed or a flat platform onto which goods are loaded.
“Unload that pallet of coffee in aisle 2 and then hang the ‘Sale’ sign above it.”
AN ABSOLUTE TRUTH
“You can only protect your liberties in this world by protecting the other man’s freedom. You can only be free if I am free.”
Clarence Darrow, an American defence lawyer who lived from 1857 to 1938, said this to a jury in a 1920 trial.
THIS WEEK’S WORDS
“Extraction” (n.) refers to a removal, the act of extracting something or obtaining something from a mixture or the descent or origin of something.
“The methods of extraction of oil from the earth is often a very controversial issue.”
“Tenebrous” (adj.) means murky, shadowy, shaded, dark or gloomy.
“The forest was extremely dense and tenebrous and was only explored by the bravest and most daring.”
“Plenitude” (n.) refers to plentifulness, abundance, copiousness or bounty.
“The plenitude of the crops was attributed to the absolutely perfect weather that the region experienced that year.”